Spinal Cord: A bundle of nerves that connect the brain to the rest of the body.
Tumor: An abnormal growth.
A spinal tumor is an unusual mass of tissue surrounding the spinal cord. Tumors may develop on any nerve in the body, but tumor on the spinal cord and its associated structure is rare. When they occur, the majority of spinal tumors are not cancerous and don’t often outspread beyond the spinal canal.
Therapies like radiation or chemotherapy often have little effect on these tumors. The spinal tumor excision treatment (removal of the tumor) may often be preferred treatment for a spinal tumor.
Spinal tumor excision is performed for both adult and pediatric patients who have tumors on the spinal cord.
How is Spinal Tumor Excision Surgery Performed?
This procedure is performed under common anesthesia, which means the patient is unconscious during the procedure. Before and during the spinal tumor excision surgery, the surgeon and neurophysiological conduct electrophysiological monitoring of spinal cord function. This monitoring includes SSEPs and MEPs, tests that show the electrical impulse of a signal passing through the spinal cord. Firstly, the neurosurgeon/spine surgeon makes the surgical cut in the skin overlying the tumor. The soft tissues and muscles are moved aside to expose the back of the spine, and the laminae are removed to access the spinal canal. In rare circumstances, when the tumor is on the front of the spinal cord, the neurosurgeon/spine surgeon may access the spinal canal from the front or the side of the spine. Within the spinal canal is a tissue-lined compartment that contains the spinal cord and nerves, which are bathed in cerebrospinal fluid. The tissue lining of this compartment is known as the dura, which is open to expose the spinal cord and nerves. Using the high magnification and illumination of the operating microscope, the neurosurgeon/spine surgeon will apply the microsurgical techniques to carefully dissect the tumor from the surrounding structures to the greatest extent possible for safe removal. Electrophysiological monitoring continues during the period to continue to oversee the safety of the spinal cord. Once the tumor is removed, the dura is stitched. Then, a water-tight closure of the dura is essential to avoid leakage of the cerebrospinal fluid. And spinal fusion is rarely needed following the removal of these tumors. The soft tissues overlying the spine are then closed in the multiple layers, and the skin gets closed with either staples or a nylon suture. The cut is then covered with a bandage.
Why to do Spinal Tumor Excision Surgery?
Most spinal tumors are not cancerous and don’t spread. Very small spinal tumors may not even cause symptoms, and therefore may not need to be removed. But when these tumors compress the spinal cord or spinal nerves, a patient may experience weakness, numbness, loss of balance, difficulty in walking and talking, or loss of bowel or bladder control. In these cases, microsurgical removal is the best treatment option. The most common tumors developing from within the spinal cord are ependymomas, astrocytomas, or hemangioblastomas. Tumors such as schwannomas, neurofibromas, or meningiomas may also develop from supporting tissues outside the spinal cord.
What are the Precautions to be taken after spine tumor excision surgery?
Once you are home from the hospital after your spinal tumor excision treatment, it is very important to focus on your recovery by taking some safety measures like allowing your spine to heal, a healthy diet, and getting good sleep.
- It is essential to take care of your spine, take short walks, increase your distance each day. Daily exercise is very important for smooth and speedy recovery and also to build strength. It's just you have to avoid activities like bending, twisting, and lifting.
- Establish a balanced, low-fat diet that is rich in fresh vegetables and fruits. As you will be less active after the surgery, avoid food that is high in calories or fattening foods. Eating your vitamins and minerals is essential for a successful recovery.
- In some cases, patients require home care or assistance from a nurse or physical therapist. PT is an essential part of recovery because it helps you regain and build strength, flexibility, and physical endurance. As you get better in your recovery, the types of exercises and repetitions may be adjusted to help you continue to improve.
Get Best Spinal Tumors treatment in Udaipur.
One of the leading spine hospitals in Udaipur, Shriram Spinal Hospital, provides the best Spinal Tumors Excision treatment in Udaipur.
It has a team of dedicated, trained staff, and acclaimed spine surgeons are providing cutting edge medical and surgical technology.
Shriram Spine Hospital provides surgical treatment for Spinal Fracture, Lumbar Micro-Endoscopic Discectomy, MIS TLIF, Balloon Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty, Cervical Disc Replacement, Anterior Cervical Discectomy, Spinal Tumor Excision.
Frequently Asked Questions
When can I resume exercise?
Patients are usually encouraged to increase their activities as they are able to tolerate; however, strenuous exercise is not recommended until approved by the surgeon.
How long will I stay in the hospital?
Usually, patients stay in the hospital for several days following surgery. After a brief period of bed rest to allow for wound healing, patients work with our highly trained physical therapists to increase their activity and return home at a high level of function. In some patients, additional inpatient rehabilitation may be recommended.
Will I have any long-term limitations due to microsurgical tumor removal?
In most patients, there will be no long-term limitations or restrictions following microsurgical tumor removal.
What are some of the symptoms of spinal cord tumors?
- Numbness and weakness in the extremities
- Back pain
- Incontinence of urine and stool
- Muscle spasms
- Cold feeling in the legs or hands