Your cervical spine is made up of the seven bones known as cervical vertebrae, stacked on the top of each other, and forms the neck area. Cervical disks are the cushions that lie between the cervical vertebrae. Their work is to act as shock absorbers, which allow your neck to move freely.
Cervical Disk Replacement is needed when there are any abnormalities in one or more discs, or the disk is damaged due to arthritis or an unknown cause, which can lead to neck pain, inflammation or muscle spasm. In some cases, when the condition is severe, pain and numbness can occur in the arms from the pressure on the cervical nerve root.
How is Cervical Disk Replacement Surgery Performed?
Before the procedure starts, the patient will have an intravenous line that begins so that he/she can receive fluids and medicine to make him sleepy and relaxed. This procedure is usually done under general anesthesia. A tube may be inserted in the throat to protect the airway and supplement the patient's breathing. And the procedure begins.
- The area of the neck where the incision will be made is cleaned with a particular solution to kill the bacteria on the skin.
- A 1 to 2-inch surgical cut is made on the side or front of the neck.
- The neck's important structures are carefully moved until the surgeon can see the bone of the vertebrae and the cervical disk.
- The cervical disk that is being replaced will be removed.
- If needed, then the ligaments compressing the spinal cord or nerve root will be removed.
- In the unoccupied disc space, the artificial disc gets secured.
- The surgical cut is closed using stitches under the skin. And then the skin is carefully closed with sutures that will minimize any scarring.
- A small dressing is put over the cut. A rigid or soft neck collar may be placed on the patient's neck to restrict any movement.
Why to do Cervical Disk Replacement Surgery?
Loss of space between the cervical vertebrae from cervical disk degeneration or wear and tear is common. Cervical disks begin to collapse and bulge with age; this happens to most people by age 60. Here are some of the conditions and symptoms in which you need cervical disc replacement surgery.
- Unbearable neck pain.
- Neck stiffness.
- Pain that travels down into shoulders or arms.
- Weakness in arms, hands, shoulders, or legs.
- Numbness or pins or needles are felt in your arms.
What are the precaution tips?
It is important to follow the guidelines as set by your surgeon, and let's look at the common precaution tips.
- To protect the spine from undue pressure, it is essential to have proper rest and recuperate as your surgery may actually fail if you overexert yourself. It would be best if you did not push yourself, and you can resume the daily activities only after your surgeon’s permission.
- If you want a speedy recovery, then you need to work on it, which means committing to the physical therapy program, taking part in the healthy sessions as well as strictly following the rehab instructions. This will have an outstanding impact on your overall recovery time.
- It is very crucial to make sure that your body is consuming proper hydration and vitamins. This will enable the blood to move freely and to deliver vital nutrients to the surgical area. Munch on veggies and fruits, always keep a water bottle near you. This will ensure your body stays hydrated, fighting inflammation, and encouraging your body to recover.
- It is essential that you engage in an exercise that is good for the neck. You have to make sure that you don’t seize up and your neck remains mobile.
Best Cervical Disk Replacement in Udaipur:
The Shriram Spine Hospital is regarded as one of the top and best hospitals for spine surgery in Udaipur with excellence and innovations.
It has a team of dedicated, trained, and acclaimed spine surgeons providing cutting edge medical and surgical technology.
Shriram Spine hospital offers surgical treatment for Cervical Disc Replacement, Spinal Fracture, Lumbar Micro-Endoscopic Discectomy, MIS TLIF, Balloon Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty, Anterior Cervical Discectomy, Spinal Tumor Excision.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why is this type of surgery recommended for cervical discs?
Every patient is different, and surgeries are decided according to the patient’s problem. The patient can undergo a minimally invasive discectomy or a fusion or a disk replacement depending on the multiple factors.
How long do the benefits from the cervical disk replacement last?
Patients who are completely healed and recovered with cervical disk replacement, usually last for the lifelong. But those who develop problems after the replacement shall need physician supervision.
What are some of the common complications?
Common complications for cervical disk replacement surgery are bleeding, temporary or permanent neurological deficit, rare infection, or significant vessels in the neck, blindness, and other complications related to anesthesia.
Does smoking cause spine problems?
Yes, it does, smoking accelerates the degenerative process of disc degeneration. The spinal discs do not have a naturally abundant blood supply. Due to smoking, blood vessels throughout the body become smaller reducing the amount of blood and thus oxygen. The discs are greatly affected since they already have an inadequate blood supply.
How soon after the surgery, can I start physical therapy?
Patients are not allowed to start physical therapy until two weeks after the surgery. And then, after two weeks, a physician examination will be done, and it will help in making the decision whether the patient requires physical therapy or not.