Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty have become standard surgical procedures for the treatment of vertebral compression fracture. In this, the body collapses into itself, producing a wedged vertebra.
A vertebral compression fracture can lead to back pain, reduced physical activity, depression, loss of balance, and difficulty in sleeping.
Both procedures are similar and perform through a hollow needle that is passed through the skin of your back into the fractured or damaged vertebra.
In Vertebroplasty, bone cement is injected through the needle into the fractured bone. In kyphoplasty, a balloon is first inserted and inflated to expand the compressed vertebra to its normal height before filling the space with bone cement. The procedures are repeated for each affected and damaged vertebra. The cement-strengthened vertebra allows the patient to stand straight and reduces the pain.
How is Vertebroplasty And Balloon Kyphoplasty performed?
- In both the procedures, you need to lie down on the stomach. The area in which the hollow needle will be inserted needs to be shaved if necessary and then cleaned and sterilized. In some cases, a local anesthesia may also be injected at the same place.
- And then, you will be connected to monitors that track your heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen level, and pulse.
- You may be given medication to help in preventing nausea, pain, and also antibiotics from assisting in avoiding any kind of infection.
- The area through which the hollow needle or trocar will be inserted is sterilized with a cleaning solution and covered with a surgical drape.
- Near the fracture, a local anesthetic is then injected into the skin and deep tissues.
- A minimal surgical cut is made at the site.
- With the x-ray/C-ARM guidance, the trocar is passed through the spinal muscles until its tip is precisely positioned within the damaged vertebra.
- In Vertebroplasty, the bone cement is then injected. Medical-grade bone cement hardens quickly, typically within 20-30 minutes. The trocar will be removed after the cement is injected.
- In kyphoplasty, the balloon tamp is first inserted through the trocar, and the balloon is inflated to create a space. The balloon is then removed, and the bone cement is injected into the space created by the balloon.
- Once the cement is in place, the needle or trocar is removed.
- The area is bandaged. Stitches won’t be necessary.
Why Choose Minimally Invasive techniques like Vertebroplasty & Balloon Kyphoplasty?
- The first reason to choose Vertebroplasty & Balloon Kyphoplasty is that they are one of the safe and effective procedures for your spine.
- Only a small surgical cut is required in the skin, which does not need any stitches.
- Without any form of physical therapy or rehabilitation, Vertebroplasty and Balloon kyphoplasty can increase patients' functional abilities and allow them to return to their previous level of activities.
- These procedures are usually successful at relieving the pain caused by a vertebral compression fracture; many patients feel significant relief almost immediately or within a few days. Even many patients become symptom-free.
- Following Vertebroplasty, about 75 percent of patients regain lost mobility and become more active, which helps combat osteoporosis. After the treatment, immobile patients can get out of bed, which can help reduce their risk of pneumonia. The increased activity builds more muscle strength, further encouraging mobility.
When to opt for Vertebroplasty & Balloon Kyphoplasty Treatment?
If you have incapacitating and persistent severe focal back pain, which is related to vertebral collapse. The procedures of Vertebroplasty & Balloon Kyphoplasty involve the injection of acrylic cement into the damaged vertebral body. The procedures are performed under local anesthesia. Both procedures relieve pain; however, in kyphoplasty, a balloon tamp is inflated within and between the fracture fragments before the cement is infused to restore vertebral body height.
What are the Preventions tips?
- Proper Medication: After the treatment, there will be little discomfort and pain, which can be managed by appropriate medication such as narcotic medication. However, these medications can cause constipation, so it is essential to keep yourself hydrated and eat food high in fiber.
- Incision Care: it is crucial to keep the surgical cut area or incision covered and dry for 24 hours post-surgery. After that, you can take a shower and need to avoid the bathtub.
- Avoid activities like bending, pushing, stretching, or pulling movements for several weeks.
- Avoid heavy lifting. Do not lift anything over five kilograms.
- No driving for two weeks
- Avoid long sitting upright for more than 20-30 minutes and take a short walk.
- Walking is very crucial for healing and speedy recovery. Initially, you should
Get Best Vertebroplasty & Kyphoplasty spine treatment in Udaipur:
One of the leading spine hospitals in Udaipur, Shriram Spinal Hospital, provides the best Vertebroplasty & Kyphoplasty spine treatment in Udaipur. Also Shriram Spine Hospital is successfully performing Vertebroplasty & Kyphoplasty surgery in Udaipur with the latest techniques and equipment.
It has a team of dedicated, trained, and acclaimed spine surgeons providing cutting edge medical and surgical technology.
Shriram Spine Hospital provides surgical treatment for Spinal Fracture, Lumbar Micro-Endoscopic Discectomy, MIS TLIF, Balloon Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty, Cervical Disc Replacement, Anterior Cervical Discectomy, Spinal Tumor Excision.
Frequently Asked Questions
Are balloon kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty the same?
Both are minimally invasive surgical procedures performed to treat vertebral fractures and work to stabilize them. The kyphoplasty is a newer technology that includes a balloon tamp, which is inserted through the needle, and the balloon is inflated to create the space. And then, the balloon tamp is removed, and bone cement is injected. But in Vertebroplasty, the bone cement is directly injected through the needle.
How long does it take to perform a balloon kyphoplasty procedure?
Balloon kyphoplasty usually takes about a half-hour per spinal level treated.
What kind of anesthesia is used during the procedure?
Kyphoplasty may be performed using local anesthesia (you are in conscious, only the affected body part gets numbed) or general anesthesia (completely unconscious)
What are the benefits of balloon kyphoplasty?
Improvement in mobility means fewer days required to stay in bed because of back pain, a low complication rate, and improvement in the quality of life.
The bottom line on Vertebroplasty?
The procedures have been used with great success to repair fractured vertebra and relieve patients’ pain.