Back Pain can arise due to varied reasons such as injury, activity, or in some cases, medical conditions.
Back pain can usually affect people of any age, for different reasons. However, as people age, the chances of developing back pain increases due to age-related factors as well as degenerative disk disease.
Lower back pain may be linked explicitly to the bony lumbar spine, appearance of discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine, the tension in spinal cord and nerves, lower back muscles, abdominal and internal organs, and the skin around the lumbar area.
However, pain in the upper back may be due to disorders of the aorta, tumors in the chest, and spine inflammation.
Causes of Back Pain
Human back consists of structures such as muscles, ligaments, tissues, tendons, discs, and bones that work together and provide strong support to the entire body. Minor or severe damage to any of these can sometimes turn into back pain.
StrainBack pain commonly occurs from strain, tension, or injury. Some of the frequent causes of back pain are:
- Strained muscles
- Muscle spasm
- Muscle tension
- Ruptured disks
- Bruises, fractures, or falls
Structural problemsSometimes several structural problems may also result in back pain.
- Damaged disks: Disks cushion each vertebra in the spine. If due to some reason, the disk ruptures, there will be more pressure on a nerve, often resulting in back pain.
- Sciatica: It is a sharp and shooting pain that travels straight through the buttock and down the back of the leg, caused by a herniated disk pressing on a nerve.
- Arthritis: Osteoarthritis can cause pain in the joints, in the hips, lower back, and in other places.
- Abnormal curvature of the spine: If the spine curves/turns in an unusual way, it can lead to back pain. Scoliosis is an example of an abnormal curve where the spine bulges outwards.
- Osteoporosis: Sometimes bones, including the spine's vertebrae, become brittle and porous, making fractures more likely to occur.
- Kidney problems:Sometimes Kidney stones or kidney infection can also cause back pain.
Movement or Poor PostureSometimes back pain can also trigger from everyday activities such as:
- Muscle tension
- Bending awkwardly
- Sitting/ standing for more extended periods
- Long driving sessions without a break
- Sleeping on an uncomfortable mattress that does not keep the spine straight
In some severe cases, medical conditions can also lead to back pain.
- Cancer of the spine: A tumor on the spine can also result in back pain.
- Infection of the spine: This can also be a possible cause of sharp back pain.
- Sleep disorders: Individuals who experience sleep disorders or Insomnia are more likely to experience back pain.
- Shingles: It is a type of infection that can affect the nerves. It usually depends on which nerves are affected.
- A sharp, aching sensation in the lower back
- A shooting pain that can radiate down the leg to the foot
- Inability to stand up straight without a pain
- A diminished ability to stretch the back
Back Pain Diagnosis
To adequately diagnose the cause of back pain, your physician may test your:
- ability to stand and walk
- spine's range of motion
- leg strength
- ability to detect sensations in your legs
- Blood and urine tests to check for any underlying conditions
- X-rays of the spine to check the alignment of your bones
- Computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess any rupture in the disks, muscles, ligaments, nerves, and blood vessels
- Bone scan to look for any abnormalities in the bone tissue
- electromyography (EMG) to test nerve conduction
Preventive Measures for Back Pain
Some of these tips can help ease back pain or provide prevention against back pain:
Try to carry lessTry to avoid carrying heavy briefcases, laptop bags, suitcases, and purses that can add unnecessary stress and strain to your neck and spine.
Follow an Active routinePhysical activities are critical as they relatively reduce the chances of any pain, strain, or damage to the back. Workouts or yoga exercises can also reduce the occurrence of back strain or pain.
Improve your posturePoor posture can sometimes put unnecessary pressure on your spine. Try to roll back rounded shoulders and sit upright in your chair.
Stretch oftenFollowing the same routine can leave your muscles fatigued and more apt to strain. Stretch regularly to help improve circulation in those muscles and lower the risk of back pain and damage.
How to differentiate back pain from other causes of spine-related pain?
Sometimes it is difficult for the brain to distinguish between an injury or any tension in the spinal structure. Sometimes a ruptured disk may feel similar to an arthritic pain due to their proximity. In some cases, the same nerve root can be compressed by different structures, such as a disc or bone spur.
Get Best back pain Treatment in Udaipur
Shriram Spine Hospital offers back pain treatment in Udaipur that helps the patients get rid of the sharp pain in their lower or upper back.
Shriram Spine Hospital is one of the leading centers of North India with many successful spine related surgeries that have helped several people. The hospital provides the best surgical as well as non-surgical interventions to treat back pain. With a fully equipped state of the art facilities, Shriram Spine Hospital is the leading back pain specialist in Udaipur. It operates with an exceptional team of doctors, fully-functional operation theatres, well structured Intensive Care Units, and highly advanced modern equipment. It is a specialized medical center dedicated to minimally invasive procedures to provide back pain treatment in Udaipur without surgery.
Frequently Asked Questions
When should you see a doctor for back pain?
Always see a doctor if you have back pain associated with numbness, weakness, trouble urinating, or unexplained weight loss. You should also see a doctor if you develop back pain after an injury or fall.
What are some of the best ways in which someone can prevent lower back pain?
- Avoiding movements that jolt the back
- Buying ergonomically correct furniture
- Keeping correct posture
- Lifting objects and children properly
- Using ergonomically correct work equipment
- Take breaks in between long driving sessions.
- Do Yoga/exercises regularly
- Avoid prolonged sitting position
What are the causes of chronic back pain?
Chronic back pain may be the result of overuse injuries or repetitive motions that strain major muscle groups. It may also be related to degenerative changes in the discs or vertebral joints, which alter your musculoskeletal alignment and compress nerve roots.
What are some causes of acute back pain?
Acute pain back often occurs in high-impact accidents such as sports injuries or auto accident injuries. The vertebral joints may be dislocated, causing painful stiffness to cause both lower back pain and leg pain (sciatica).